How We Use Lithium Battery Fire Extinguisher?

Use Lithium Battery Fire Extinguisher

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Lithium or Li-ion battery is a rechargeable battery that stores energy through the reversible intercalation of Li+ ions into electronically conducting substances. Compared to other rechargeable batteries, lithium batteries have greater specific energy, higher energy density, higher energy efficiency, longer cycle life, and longer calendar life.

Lithium battery fire extinguishers are used as fire suppression devices to combat the conductive pathways created by the liquid electrolytes in the battery. Aerosol and F500EA extinguishers are two of the various varieties of lithium battery fire extinguishers that are available.

Each variety has the special ability to contain dangerous combustible off-gases, prevent thermal runaway from spreading, minimize flame damage, and guarantee complete safety.

Causes of Lithium Batteries to Catch Fire

  • Lithium-ion batteries are packed with a flammable electrolyte solution that can spill out and catch fire avoid a spark or flame; these batteries are especially vulnerable to harm and hazard.
  • When a lithium-ion cell is charged too quickly, an internal short circuit can occur that catches a spark and eventually causes a fire or an explosion with the electrolyte.
  • Manufacturers are required to do strict testing to rule out any issues, and there are frequent limitations on the quantity of these batteries that can be supplied at once to prevent fires due to the well-known concerns associated with lithium-ion batteries.
  • Other than these tests, lithium batteries have been linked to multiple airline crashes, and at least these batteries have been linked to four extremely serious events aboard airplanes. These incidents have been linked to cargo carrying lithium-ion batteries.
  • Lithium-ion batteries are sensitive to “energetic failure,” in which all their stored energy is released suddenly and explosively, forcing gas out of the electrolyte, and making it flammable.
  • Lithium-ion battery storage errors can also increase the risk of a fire. Finally, there may be a fire risk if a lithium-ion battery that is defective or has passed its expiration date is not disposed of.

Store Lithium Battery Fire Extinguisher to Prevent Fire

Correctly storing the lithium battery fire extinguisher to reduce the chances of fires is easy and as follows:

  • The ideal temperature range for lithium battery storage is 40 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Although frequent exposure to high or low temperatures poses a risk to these batteries, the occasional drop or rise above these endpoints can barely result in any fires.
  • Keeping lithium batteries away from direct sunlight is the best way to store lithium batteries to prevent fire. Once more, sunlight coming through a glass surface, such as a window, can radiate far more heat than the temperature recorded for the day suggests. For this reason, it is advisable to keep batteries out of direct sunlight.
  • Only charge lithium batteries with assistance.  An uncommon occurrence is if the battery fails while being charged, issues may arise. Fire and overheating should be avoided with early intervention, as they can create problems with the battery.
  • Keep lithium batteries away from anything dangerous, explosive, flammable, or combustible. This will stop flames from spreading and, if they do, cause other issues.

Extinguish a Lithium-Ion Battery Fire

The most important piece of firefighting advice is to call the fire department and let them handle the situation if you are unsure if it is safe to fight the fire on your own or if you need to become more familiar with using an extinguisher.

The fire department’s responsibility is to put out fires, and if they do it poorly. You could have a major issue where the fire worsens or spreads to a larger region. Being safe is always preferable to being sorry. Nevertheless, you can use the extinguisher to spray the fire until it is doused if you believe it is safe to put it out.

Remember the acronym for a fire spreading around: PASS.

  • PULL the pin out of the handle of the fire extinguisher.
  • AIM the nozzle down at the base of the flames.
  • SQUEEZE the handles together to turn on the fire extinguisher.
  • SWEEP or move the nozzle side to side at the base of the flames.

You should pause and call the fire department as soon as possible if you ever feel your strategy needs to be fixed.

Solution for Lithium Battery Fire Extinguishers

Research into lithium battery fire extinguishers has been extensive. As the use of lithium batteries grows, effective fire safety precautions are becoming more and more necessary. These lithium batteries power electric cars, laptops, cell phones, and other gadgets. However, they pose fire risks because of their flammable electrolytes and high energy density.

According to UL reports, lithium-ion battery fires have become more common. The NFPA has also released several safety guidelines for lithium-ion battery charging and disposal. But now, neither body has released a standard about fire extinguishers powered by lithium-ion batteries.

Complexity of Fires from Lithium Batteries

Fires caused by lithium batteries are especially unpredictable. These batteries can potentially discharge harmful fumes and extreme heat when they experience thermal runaway. The following are some of the risks connected to lithium-ion battery fires:

  1. Class A Fires: Commonplace flammable materials such as fabrics, paper, and wood.
  2. Class B Fires: Liquids that catch fire, like alcohol, oil, and gasoline.
  3. Class C Fires: Electrical machinery that is energized can catch fire.
  4. Class D Fires: Metals that catch fire, such as lithium.

Importance of Fire Safety

Fire safety is extremely important because it may reduce property loss, reduce injuries, and save lives. Fires have the potential to spread quickly and have disastrous effects. Including the loss of life and damage of priceless property.

The likelihood of fire events and their effects can be greatly decreased by being aware of the possible hazards and implementing the required safety measures.

Conclusion

Fire safety guarantees the security and safety of people and property in lithium battery fire extinguisher. Though there are many different causes of fires, lithium-ion battery fires have drawn special attention recently.

Modern gadgets like computers, cell phones, and electric cars frequently employ lithium-ion batteries. These batteries have completely changed how we charge our gadgets, but if not used correctly, they risk catching fire.

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