Should I Charge My EV Every Day to Ensure a Long Battery Life?

long battery life

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The majority of owners of electric vehicles desire to extend their range. Thus, ensuring a long battery life would seem like the smartest course of action. However, over time, frequent full-capacity charging may have a detrimental effect on battery life and safety. The subtleties of EV charging capacity will be thoroughly examined in this essay.

The Function of Lithium-Ion Long Battery Life

Lithium-ion battery packs are mostly used in modern electric vehicles for energy supply and storage. They have emerged as the preferred technology because of their high energy density, efficiency, and comparatively low self-discharge while not in use.
The two electrochemical cells that comprise lithium-ion batteries are the negatively charged anode and the positively charged cathode. Between these two cells, an electrolyte solution facilitates the movement of lithium ions. This ion flow produces an energy output.
The battery’s current capacity is indicated by the state of charge (SOC). The anode has the most lithium ions at 0% SOC. The cathode has absorbed all of the ions it can hold at 100% SOC. Upon discharge, the ions go from the anode to the cathode and vice versa.

Charge and Discharge of the Battery

Its operation depends on the cycle of transferring ions back and forth to charge and discharge the battery. Nevertheless, after hundreds or thousands of cycles, this process unavoidably strains the cell components, resulting in a progressive, irreversible loss of capability – a phenomenon known as cell degradation.
Maintaining precise control over charge levels and cycles is necessary to reduce cell deterioration and increase lifespan. Because of this, constantly reaching 100%, SOC might eventually shorten battery life. Degradation is accelerated by the strain of continuously reaching maximum capacity.

Ways to Prolong the Long Battery Life

The following recommendations can help the battery in your electric vehicle (EV) last longer:

Always keep your battery charged between 20% and 80% to ensure optimal performance. Preventing it from regularly falling to 0% or rising to 100%.

  • Only charge 100% when required: Save the full costs for lengthy journeys or emergencies. This lessens the battery’s deterioration.
  • Protect from extreme temperatures: Avoid being in extremely hot or cold conditions, as they might have an impact on the lifespan and performance of batteries.
  • Let the battery cool before recharging: This is especially important after a quick charge or prolonged usage.
  • Restrict fast charging: Relentlessly fast charging might overwork a battery. Use it sparingly—for example, during lengthy vehicle journeys.
  • Avert lengthy full charge: A lengthy full charge can lead to battery degeneration, so avoid leaving your vehicle there.
  • Adhere to service and maintenance schedules: To guarantee the best possible battery health, adhere to the appropriate service and maintenance plan for your vehicle.

    You can make your EV Long battery life last longer, guarantee peak performance, and lessen the need for early replacement by adhering to these recommendations.

Charging Battery Every Day

It is not advisable to charge the batteries in your electric vehicle every day. The battery in your car may degrade if you often use rapid, or ultra-rapid chargers, which recharge the battery significantly more quickly since these chargers replace the battery at a much quicker pace.
Using a charger, that tops up the battery more slowly, such as most home wall boxes or on-street chargers, is the best option if you leave your vehicle charging overnight. This will decrease the likelihood that the whole charge cycle will be finished.
While not all electric vehicles have it, the majority of them include an onboard buffer that prevents the battery from being charged past 80% to avoid deterioration.
Try charging your battery to no more than 80% as a best practice, or just add enough juice to get you through the following days’ worth of driving, then take the charger out. By doing this, you’ll extend the life of your vehicle’s battery and increase its driving range.

Battery Degradation

The main cause of this is the use of various preventative measures, such as thermal management systems. Which are intended to disperse extra heat generated by the battery. At the same time, it is being charged and used.
Eliminating this heat helps avoid unneeded wear and tear over extended periods. That might arise from the device not being at the proper operating temperature. It also allows the battery to function more effectively.
Ultimately, you shouldn’t have any problems until much, much later in your vehicle’s life. If you adhere to the above-mentioned helpful advice and follow the recommended servicing plan, in addition to keeping the system software updated.

Management System of Battery Thermal

Maintaining the optimal performance of an electric vehicle’s lithium-ion battery pack requires an active heat management system. Most contemporary EVs try to keep their EV battery packs within the ideal working temperature range of 50–86 degrees Fahrenheit by using a cooling/heating circuit. This is because lithium-ion batteries perform best in this temperature range.
Heating and cooling an electric vehicle’s battery pack uses energy, just as heating and cooling a vehicle’s interior does. As a result, when driving in extremely high or low temperatures, the total operating range may decrease somewhat. EV battery packs are less likely to deteriorate at a noticeably faster pace than they would in less severe conditions, at least with these protections in place.

Battery without Charging

Your electric vehicle’s battery may weaken if you keep it parked for extended periods when it is not fully charged. When an electric car is parked and not in use, it loses a little bit of charge. Therefore, it’s important to monitor the charge level and make sure it stays between 20% and 80%.
If you want to save money, it’s crucial to take care of your electric vehicle battery and minimize degradation because replacing one may be a costly task.

Conclusion

One of the biggest worries for people who are considering purchasing an electric vehicle is the battery life. The majority of electric automobiles run on lithium-ion batteries, which are similar to those in your laptop or smartphone and gradually lose part of their capacity.
Although the battery in your phone and the battery in your electric vehicle have many characteristics, deterioration is affected by several important distinctions.

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